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Mechanisms of Rhinitis

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Mast cell degranulation leads to the release of histamine and a host of other mediators. However, histamine remains preeminent in proffering the vexatious symptoms of allergic rhinitis including itching, sneezing, dripping, and congestion. The mechanisms of symptom production in rhinitis will be reviewed with an eye toward effects on mucosal resident cells such as epithelium, endothelium, and glands, the role of nociceptive and parasympathetic nerves, and the recruitment and activation of leukocytes in the mucosa. The benefits and mechanisms of action of antihistamines, anticholinergic agents, and glucocorticoids will be discussed.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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