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Myelopeptides: New Immunoregulatory Peptides

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Abstract:

Bone marrow cells of various animal species and humans produce a group of bioregulatory peptides called myelopeptides (MPs). MPs have been isolated and purified, and their physico-chemical properties have been investigated. MPs have a wide spectrum of functional activities: immunoregulatory, differentiating, and opiate-like. A new immunocorrective drug, Myelopidum, which is used effectively in clinical practice for treating diseases accompanied by immunodeficiency, has been created on the basis of MPs. Administration of Myelopidum after surgery prevents 50% to 70% of postsurgical complications, particularly postsurgery pneumonia, and also normalizes the number and balance of T-helper cells, T-suppressor cells, and B-lymphocytes in patients with chronic pulmonary diseases, resulting in a beneficial clinical effect, including a significant prolongation of remission periods. Myelopidum is also used in veterinary medicine for prophylaxis and treatment of pneumonia and enteritis in newborn and young animals. The primary structure of several myelopeptides is established. The functional activities of two, MP-1 (Phe-Leu-Gly-Phe-Pro-Thr) and MP-2 (Leu-Val-Val-Tyr-Pro-Trp), are being investigated.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854195778666784

Publication date: July 1, 1995

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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