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The Usefulness of Questionnaire-Derived Information to Predict the Degree of Nonspecific Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness

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Abstract:

Nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) is a hallmark of clinical asthma, but can be present in nonasthmatics as well. The diagnosis of asthma is based on clinical grounds, and no laboratory procedure can definitely establish its presence. This poses a problem in studies of asthma. If epidemiological studies are to provide valid information, the tools used must have a relative degree of predictive or diagnostic ability. This report determined whether the American Thoracic Society-Division of Lung Disease (ATS-DLD) respiratory questionnaire has the ability to predict different degrees of non-specific BHR. In the years 1983–1990, when the ATS-DLD questionnaire was used in our Natural History of Asthma study, 192 subjects completed the ATS-DLD questionnaire and underwent a standardized methacholine challenge. A recursive partitioning analysis of the ATS-DLD questionnaire was able to predict which questions would likely be answered if the subject had nonspecific bronchial reactivity to inhaled methacholine of 100 and 200 breath units. Positive responses for questions concerning treatment for asthma, wheezing, or shortness of breath, and emergency treatment for asthma predicted the presence of increased bronchial reactivity.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854195778690354

Publication date: May 1, 1995

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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