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Detection Limits and Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analysis in the Evaluation of Specific IGE Assays

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Abstract:

One of the major sources of uncertainty and controversy in allergy testing is the definition and clinical significance of a positive test result in the low assay range. Use of analytical detection limit theory can guide the diagnostic allergy laboratory director in setting a lower assay cutoff and in the evaluation of the recommended cutoff by the manufacturer of the assay. Several methods for calculating lower limit of detection are applicable to specific IgE assay methods. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves illustrate the relationship between statistical sensitivity and specificity as cutoffs are adjusted, and statistical analysis of ROC curves is an invaluable aspect of the comparative performance evaluation of two or more assays relative to an independent standard such as skin testing.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854194778816508

Publication date: November 1, 1994

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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