Importance of Allergic Etiology in Nasal Polyposis
Abstract:Sensitization to environmental allergens in nasal polyposis was evaluated in an in vitro study conducted on 90 patients undergoing polypectomy by measuring total and specific IgE for a panel of common allergens and levels of IgG. IgA and albumin in serum, and nasal secretions (NSe). Fifty healthy individuals were chosen as a control group. Total IgE concentrations were higher in patients with nasal polyps than in controls. RAST was positive in serum in 34 (38%), in NSe in 29 (32%), and exclusively in NSe in 10 patients (11%). Allergens most frequently involved were mites and cat dander. No differences were found between the study and control groups for serum and NSe IgA, albumin, and serum IgG, whereas IgG in NSe were significantly higher in patients with nasal polyps. Subjects with positive RAST only in NSe had significantly lower secretory IgA than did controls. Our data indicate that in nasal polyposis: 1) sensitization to aeroallergens is relatively common; 2) a local production of specific IgE may occur, especially for perennial allergens; 3) prolonged exposure to these allergens gives rise to chronic nasal inflammation, with altered local production of immunoglobulins.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1994-05-01
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