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Tryptase: A Clinical Indicator of Mast Cell-Dependent Events

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Abstract:

Mast cells and basophils are implicated as major effector cells in allergic disease. However, both mast cell and basophil involvement in clinical events have been difficult to assess heretofore because of localization of mast cells in tissues and the small numbers of basophils in the circulatory system. Tryptase has been found to be a discriminating marker for the participation of human mast cells in immediate allergic responses, and therefore provides precise assessment of mast cell activation. High tryptase levels in serum, plasma, and other biologic fluids are consistent with mast cell activation in systemic anaphylaxis and other immediate hypersensitivity allergic reactions. Although basophil activation has been implicated in late phase response to allergen challenge, sensitive specific indicators of basophil activation are still under investigation.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854194778702946

Publication date: May 1, 1994

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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