Latex Hypersensitivity Reactions Despite Prophylaxis
Abstract:Latex rubber hypersensitivity represents a significant problem facing the medical, surgical, radiologic, and dental professions. As a tertiary care center, the Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia has a large population of patients with spina bifida and complex genitourinary anomalies; a number of these children have latex rubber allergy, which may first present as intraoperative anaphylaxis. Although there is no substitute for complete antigen avoidance, all medical products containing latex rubber may not have suitable alternatives. Therefore, we have formulated a protocol to prevent perioperative reactions through the use of prophylactic medications and the limitation of latex exposure. This regimen includes steroids, antihistamines, and bronchodilators when indicated. In four children, prophylaxis failed perioperatively because of parenteral infusion of latex rubber proteins.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1992-05-01
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