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Immediate Allergy to Natural Latex: Clinical and Immunological Studies

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Since 1979 several reports of contact urticaria due to natural latex have been documented. In recent years cases of anaphylaxis, rhinitis, and asthma due to latex have appeared. Nine patients, studied in our clinic between 1986–1991, suffered immediate allergic reactions caused by rubber products. All showed an immediate skin reaction to latex extract. Rub testing with surgical gloves was positive in eight patients. Immunological techniques (RAST, ELISA, HRT) demonstrated specific IgE against latex. Specific bronchial provocation testing was performed in one patient who presented with asthma when she used latex surgical gloves. Patch testing to common rubber additives were negative in our patients. These results suggest that natural latex antigens present in rubber objects can cause hypersensitivity reactions probably due to IgE-mediated mechanisms.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1992-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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