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Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS): Effectiveness of Corticosteroids in Management and Recurrent SJS

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Abstract:

To confirm that corticosteroids are beneficial in the treatment of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), 15 patients with the syndrome were evaluated by the same group of physicians over 2 years. All patients had cutaneous and most had mucosal lesions. Patients were treated with corticosteroids ranging from prednisone 40 mg daily to methylprednisolone 750 mg daily. The same group of physicians participated in the management of these patients until recovery. No deaths occurred among the 15 patients. Recovery was complete in all cases, and there was no residual skin, mucosal, or visceral damage except for minimal scarring in one patient. In some cases, reversal of disease after onset of corticosteroid therapy was sufficiently dramatic to demonstrate a benefit. The use of corticosteroids in the treatment of SJS remains controversial. We conclude that corticosteroids are beneficial in treatment of the syndrome. They may be lifesaving in some patients and should be the standard of therapy. SJS should be considered to be erythema multiforme with either bullous lesions or visceral involvement or both.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854192778878926

Publication date: March 1, 1992

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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