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Skin Test in Diagnosis of Food Allergy

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Skin tests have for many years been widely used in the diagnosis of allergic diseases. Standardized allergic tests are commonly available for the diagnosis of inhalant allergy. However, food allergens have been studied and no standardized preparations are available. Methods for skin testing vary between regions. In North America, the intradermal skin-test method dominates. On the other hand, pediatricians and Europeans favor the use of skin-prick test, as it is less painful and gives the same information as the intradermal method. Methods for interpretation also vary between regions and groups of doctors. Furthermore, criteria for disease (i.e., presence of food allergy) also varies. Because of the lack of standardized allergen techniques and methods, there are difficulties in understanding and using the new data presented in scientific journals. In this article I discuss these difficulties and propose how to handle these problems, concentrating on the skin-prick test method.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1991-07-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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