Allergic Reaction to Latex: A Risk Factor for Unsuspected Anaphylaxis

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Abstract:

Allergic reactions to latex, including anaphylaxis may be a problem in certain individuals exposed to latex. Four atopic patients with symptoms of rhinitis, asthma, anaphylaxis, and/or urticaria upon contact with latex products were studied. The patients showed IgE binding to latex RAST disks ranging from 1.0 to 27.3 times the negative control. Latex products (gloves, balloons, and condoms) directly bound IgE from all four patients. Eluted proteins from the latex products inhibited 19E binding to commercial latex RAST disks. SDS-PAGE demonstrated multiple latex protein bands by Coomassie Blue staining between 14 and 66 kD. Immunoblotting showed specific IgE binding to latex proteins at 30 and 66 kD. These results indicate that latex-allergic patients have IgE directed against specific latex proteins. Allergy to latex can pose a substantial health risk to susceptible individuals.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854191779011846

Publication date: March 1, 1991

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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