Cutaneous late phase responses have been demonstrated to occur secondary to either immune or nonimmune mast cell activation. In this article I will review studies from our laboratory that support the concept that inflammatory cells, migrating into the allergic reaction secondary to mast cell activation, are themselves activated. These activated cells release mediators that then can induce edematous, indurated cutaneous responses occurring hours after mast cell activation that have been termed "late phase cutaneous responses."
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