Peanut Protein as a Major Cause of Adverse Food Reactions in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis
Abstract:Peanuts, along with milk and egss, have been documented to account for approximately 80% of adverse reactions to foods in patients with atopic dermatitis. Over the past 3 years, we have evaluated 71 patients with atopic dermatitis, ranging from mild to severe in nature. These patients were initially evaluated by allergy prick skin testing and when appropriate had double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges done. Thirty-nine (55%) patients had a positive prick skin test to one of the foods tested. There were 80 food challenges performed with peanut, accounting for 12 (32%) of the 38 positive challenges in 23 (31%) patients. As in earlier studies, patients developed skin (97%), respiratory (55%), and gastrointestinal (32%) symptoms during the challenge. Of the five patients with histories of prior anaphylactic reactions four (80%) were to peanut. These studies indicate that children with all degrees of atopic dermatitis may benefit from evaluation for food hypersensitivity. They also show that peanut is a major food protein responsible for these reactions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 1989
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- Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.
The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.
Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.
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