Anaphylaxis to Peanuts: Clinical Correlation to Skin Tests

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Abstract:

To determine the prevalence of peanut sensitivity in a group of patients referred for routine allergy evaluation, we skin tested 365 consecutive patients with a battery of extracts that included pollens, danders, mold, dust and peanuts. These patients were seen either in private practice or in the Allergy Clinic (Rhode Island Hospital). Of these 365 patients, 248 were found to be atopic. Eight patients had a positive scratch test to peanut extract, and four of these had a positive history of peanut sensitivity. One asymptomatic patient to peanut by history reacted to open challenge with 2 oz of peanut on two occasions. We, therefore, found that 3.2% (8 of 248) of our atopic patients had a positive skin test to peanuts and of these at least 62.5% (5 of 8) had clinical sensitivity to peanuts. No nonatopic patient reacted to peanut skin testing.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854189778960018

Publication date: July 1, 1989

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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