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Eustachian Tube Dysfunction in Children with Ragweed Hayfever during Natural Pollen Exposure

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The role of upper respiratory allergy in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion (OME) is an interesting but still unresolved issue. In order to investigate this further, fifteen children with ragweed hayfever were studied for the development of eustachian tube obstruction (ETO), utilizing the nine-step pressure-swallow test, prior to, during, and after seasonal exposure to ragweed pollen. Daily symptom-medication diaries were maintained and serial physical examinations were performed. ETO was found in 60% of the ragweed sensitive children during natural pollen exposure. The development of ETO was found to correlate with ragweed skin test wheal size and daily patient symptom-medication scores (SMS) during pollen exposure. Treatment of hayfever symptoms with pseudoephedrine and/or chlorpheniramine did not prevent most patients from developing ETO. Despite the prevalence of ETO in the study group, only one child developed evidence of middle ear effusion. These findings suggest that children with ragweed hayfever develop eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction during natural pollen exposure. Seasonal allergy induced ETO is not, however, by itself sufficient to produce middle ear effusion.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1989-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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