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Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis

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Abstract:

Anaphylaxis, the most emergent manifestation of allergy, is best described by its clinical pathologic alterations. Sites of involvement include skin (urticaria), upper respiratory tract (laryngeal edema), lower respiratory tract (bronchospasm), and the cardiovascular system (severe hypotension). Ultrastructural analysis of skin biopsies obtained from individuals experiencing exercise-induced anaphylaxis prior to and immediately after exercise revealed changes indistinguishable from those observed following immunologic challenge of pulmonary mast cells. These alterations included enlargement of the mast cell granules, solubilization (discharge) of mast cell granule contents, merger of the granule membranes with adjacent granule membranes, as well as the mast cell membrane.

The successful reversal of anaphylaxis requires the prompt recognition of symptoms and early institution of therapy for anaphylaxis. Patients suffering from exercise-induced anaphylaxis should avoid any foods, drinks, or pharmaceutical agents, particularly acetyl salicylic acid for four and preferably six hours prior to exercise.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/108854188779023441

Publication date: May 1, 1988

More about this publication?
  • Allergy and Asthma Proceedings is a peer reviewed publication dedicated to distributing timely scientific research regarding advancements in the knowledge and practice of allergy, asthma and immunology. Its primary readership consists of allergists and pulmonologists.

    The goal of the Proceedings is to publish articles with a predominantly clinical focus which directly impact quality of care for patients with allergic disease and asthma.

    Featured topics include asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, food allergies, allergic skin diseases, diagnostic techniques, allergens, and treatment modalities. Published material includes peer-reviewed original research, clinical trials and review articles.

    Articles marked "F" offer free full text for personal noncommercial use only.

    The journal is indexed in Thomson Reuters Web of Science and Science Citation Index Expanded, plus the National Library of Medicine's PubMed service.
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