Skip to main content

Solar and Celestial Observations for Position and Azimuth Determination: Artillery Surveying in Vietnam

Buy Article:

$23.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


When man wanted to know where he was on this Earth, or what direction he was going, he looked up to the heavens. The stars are the key. Some appear to be fixed, while others revolve around them. By knowing the apparent places of these fundamental stars and making the appropriate measurements, position and azimuth can be determined. These ancient techniques are still used by surveyors today. In the mid-1960s, artillery surveyors stationed in Vietnam used solar and Polaris observations to establish a common grid for orienting the guns. The University of Akron student surveying team, who participated in the 2006 NSPS Student Surveying Competition, paid tribute to these brave soldiers by using the same equipment and procedures to determine an assigned azimuth. They did so wearing the uniforms of U. S. Army artillery surveyors of the Vietnam War.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Surveying and Land Information Science (SaLIS) is the official publication of the American Association of Geodetic Surveying (AAGS) and the Geographic and Land Information Society (GLIS).

    SaLIS is a scientific journal devoted to reporting research and new work conducted to advance geodetic surveying, land surveying, large-scale mapping, and geographic information systems designed to advance the development and management of the cadastral parcel data layer and other land information applications. SaLIS publishes research articles, technical papers, technical notes, papers on the current state of surveying education, surveying history, book reviews, and current literature reviews. Every four years, the journal publishes the U.S. Report to the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG). The Proceedings of the Surveying Teachers Conference are published bi-annually.

    For information about AAGS visit
    For information about GLIS visit

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • GLIS
  • AAGS
  • Editorial Advisory Board
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more