Solar and Celestial Observations for Position and Azimuth Determination: Artillery Surveying in Vietnam
Abstract:When man wanted to know where he was on this Earth, or what direction he was going, he looked up to the heavens. The stars are the key. Some appear to be fixed, while others revolve around them. By knowing the apparent places of these fundamental stars and making the appropriate measurements, position and azimuth can be determined. These ancient techniques are still used by surveyors today. In the mid-1960s, artillery surveyors stationed in Vietnam used solar and Polaris observations to establish a common grid for orienting the guns. The University of Akron student surveying team, who participated in the 2006 NSPS Student Surveying Competition, paid tribute to these brave soldiers by using the same equipment and procedures to determine an assigned azimuth. They did so wearing the uniforms of U. S. Army artillery surveyors of the Vietnam War.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2006
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