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Open Access Vegetable oil of poor quality is limiting the success of fortification with vitamin A in Egypt

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Background. Fortification of vegetable oil with vitamin A is considered a cost-effective and simple to implement strategy, but the stability of vitamin A remains a limiting factor. To account for losses of vitamin A, oil producers add an overage. Optimizing the amount of this overage can result in considerable savings for industry and gov- ernment while ensuring a supply of adequately fortified oil to consumers.

Objectives. To estimate vitamin A losses in oil with different chemical characteristics.

Methods. Samples of fortified oils with different chemical characteristics were collected from two Egyp- tian companies (oil A and B) and stored for 1 month. Vitamin A levels were analyzed periodically during stor- age to determine losses over time, and peroxide values were determined.Results. Fortified oil B, with a high peroxide value (5.8 mEq/kg), exposed to sunlight had significantly higher losses of vitamin A after 4 weeks than fortified oil A, with a low peroxide value (0.4 mEq/kg): 31.1% vs. 19.7% (p < .001), respectively. In semidark conditions, the vitamin A losses after 4 weeks in fortified oil B and fortified oil A were significantly different: 26.1% and 0.7% (p < .001), respectively. In an accelerated storage test, the vitamin A loss in 8 days was 48.3% for fortified oil B and 4.2% for fortified oil A (p < .001).

Conclusions. This study shows a significant effect of peroxide level (one indicator of the quality of oil) on the stability of vitamin A, regardless of storage conditions. To optimize and sustain vitamin A levels in fortified oil, governments and industries should minimize the perox- ide level to less than 2 mEq/kg at production.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

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