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Open Access Kpejigaou: An indigenous, high-protein, low-fat, cowpea-based griddled food proposed for coastal West Africa

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Abstract:

Background. Griddled cowpea paste foods have high nutritional potential because they are low in fat but high in protein. A good understanding of process and product characteristics of kpejigaou is necessary to improve its quality and enhance acceptability.

Objective. To describe the product, evaluate critical variables in traditional processing, and determine consumer quality criteria and preferences for kpejigaou.

Methods. A survey of kpejigaou processing was carried out among processors and regular consumers of kpejigaou.

Results: Kpejigaou is flat and circular in shape, with uniform thickness and porous structure. The production process of kpejigaou was found to be simple and rapid, but the quality of the finished product varied among processors and among batches. Critical processing variables affecting quality were dehulling of the cowpeas, type of griddling equipment, and griddling temperature. Texture (sponginess) is the most important quality index that determines the preference and acceptability of kpejigaou by consumers.

Conclusions. Traditionally processed kpejigaou does not meet current standards for high-quality foods. This study provides the basis for efforts to standardize the kpejigaou process to ensure consistent product quality and enhance the acceptability of kpejigaou among consumers. Kpejigaou has a potential for success if marketed as a low-fat, nutritious fast food.

Keywords: CONSUMER PREFERENCE AND QUALITY INDICES; COWPEA PASTE FOODS; GRIDDLING; KPEJIGAOU; PROCESSING; TEXTURE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

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