Physical fitness, body composition, blood pressure, and blood metabolic profile among young Guatemalan adults
Abstract:We assessed the distribution of several risk factors related to health: muscular strength (handgrip strength), cardiovascular endurance (step test), flexibility (sit and reach test), anthropometry and body composition, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, lipid profile, and hemoglobin in a cohort of Guatemalan adults who were born in four rural villages between 1962 and 1977. By 2002 approximately 32% had migrated to Guatemala City or elsewhere in the country. Men are more physically fit and leaner than women. Fatness, poor physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome are highly prevalent in women living in both rural and urban areas. Risk profiles worsen with increasing age. Men who migrated to Guatemala City have lower physical fitness, greater fatness and systolic blood pressure, and worse lipid profile than men who still live in their original villages. Such a pattern was not evident in women, except that blood pressure was higher in urban women than in women who lived in their original villages.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2005
Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.
The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106
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