Physical activity level, dietary habits, and alcohol and tobacco use among young Guatemalan adults
Abstract:Physical activity, diet, and alcohol and tobacco use are all related to the development of obesity, diabetes, coronary heart disease, osteoporosis, and cancer. We examined the distribution of measures of these behaviors in a cohort of individuals born in four villages in Guatemala between 1962 and 1977 and who were 26–41 years old in 2003. Response rates to the instruments averaged 80% of cohort members known to be living in Guatemala. Physical activity levels were moderate, and were lowest among migrants to Guatemala City. Dietary habits reflect early phases of the nutrition transition, with high carbohydrate and moderate fat intakes. Migrants to Guatemala City reported higher intakes of meat and of dairy products, while those remaining in or near the original study villages reported higher consumption of tortillas and of vegetables and fruits. One-third of men reported consuming alcohol and 42% were current smokers. Very few women reported alcohol or tobacco use.
Keywords: ALCOHOL; BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTORS; DIET; GENDER; GUATEMALA; HUMAN CAPITAL STUDY; INSTITUTE OF NUTRITION OF CENTRAL AMERICA AND PANAMA (INCAP); NUTRITION TRANSITION; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; TOBACCO
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2005
Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.
The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106
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