Open Access

Rationale for developing a new international growth reference

Authors: Garza, Cutberto; de Onis, Mercedes

Source: Food & Nutrition Bulletin, Volume 25, Supplement 1, March 2004 , pp. 5S-14S(10)

Publisher: Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation

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Abstract:

The rationale for developing a new international growth reference derived principally from a Working Group on infant growth established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1990. It recommended an approach that described how children should grow rather than describing how children grow; that an international sampling frame be used to highlight the similarity in early childhood growth among diverse ethnic groups; that modern analytical methods be exploited; and that links among anthropometric assessments and functional outcomes be included to the fullest possible extent. Upgrading international growth references to resemble standards more closely will assist in monitoring and attaining a wide variety of international goals related to health and other aspects of social equity. In addition to providing scientifically robust tools, a new reference based on a global sample of children whose health needs are met will provide a useful advocacy tool to health-care providers and others with interests in promoting child health.

Keywords: ANTHROPOMETRY; BREASTFEEDING; CHILD HEALTH; CHILD NUTRITION; GROWTH MONITORING; GROWTH REFERENCES; GROWTH STANDARDS; HUMAN RIGHTS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106
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