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Open Access A review of the evidence for the benefits and safety of adding vitamin A to the treatment of six common health problems in children

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It has been more than 70 years since vitamin A was first reported to play a role in the treatment of measles. The addition of vitamin A to the treatment of other common childhood illnesses remains controversial, with differing guidelines. This review analyzes the strength of the evidence for the role of vitamin A in six common childhood illnesses. We found no published papers on the use of vitamin A in chickenpox or malaria. There is strong published evidence for the use of adjuvant vitamin A in children requiring hospital admission for measles and some evidence for its use in acute shigellosis. The available evidence does not support a role for adjuvant vitamin A in acute lower respiratory tract infections or acute watery diarrhea. There is insufficient evidence on the role of vitamin A in the treatment of persistent diarrhea, acute measles not requiring admission, and protein-energy malnutrition to guide policy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

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