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Open Access Iron and folate status in urban and rural Costa Rican teenagers

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This study evaluated the iron and folate status of Costa Rican adolescents and their dietary intake of these Costa Rican study had anemia and low folate intakes. This is a strong reminder of the importance of preventing these deficiencies in adolescent girls in all countries in order to improve pregnancy outcomes, as recommended by the UNICEF/UNU/MI technical workshop [2]. Folate supplementation in pregnancy is too late to prevent the increase in congenital neural tube defects associated with this deficiency. Hence the recommendation for increased fruits and vegetables in the diet is a sound one. This would provide not only folate, but also ascorbic acid and vitamin A, which improve the absorption of iron. To provide at least a basic level of protection for most of the population, the fortification of wheat flour with iron and folate should be given a high priority, as recommended by the UNICEF/UNU/MI technical workshop [2]. The value of this measure has been most recently demonstrated on a national scale in Venezuela [3].

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2001

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

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