Open Access Prevalence and potential determinants of protein–energy malnutrition in Upper Egypt

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The present community-based study of 2,700 children in three governorates of Upper Egypt revealed that stunting was present among 35.7% of the total sample. It was more prevalent in Menia (39.4%), followed by Assiut (38%), and Sohag (29.9%) governorates. Underweight was observed in 30.4% of all pre-schoolers (Menia 28.6%, Sohag 27.1%, and Assiut 25.7%). The prevalence of wasting in the whole sample was 9.2% (Assiut 10.8%, Sohag 9.3%, and Menia 7.6%). Protein–energy malnutrition (PEM) was usually higher in rural than in urban sites and higher in girls than in boys, with the second year of life showing the highest prevalence. Low socioeconomic level and high morbidity load were associated with increased risk of all PEM indicators. Integrated programmes are needed to improve socio-economic conditions and infant- feeding practices.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2000

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  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106
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