Inadequate salt iodization and poor knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding iodine-deficiency disorders in an area of endemic goitre in south-eastern Nigeria
Authors: Umenwanne, E. O.; Akinyele, I. O.
Source: Food & Nutrition Bulletin, Volume 21, Number 3, September 2000 , pp. 311-315(5)
Abstract:Focus group discussions and interviewer-administered questionnaires assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of rural dwellers relating to iodine-deficiency disorders. The iodine content of salt was measured at the household and retail levels, and the iodine nutritional status of school-aged children (6–12 years) was assessed by measuring urinary iodine concentrations. The analyses showed a high level of ignorance about the causes and consequences of iodine deficiency, iodine as a nutrient, and iodized salt and its purpose. In a goitre endemic area of south-eastern Nigeria, only 47% of the household samples and 48% of the retail salt samples were iodized to a level above 30 ppm, whereas 34% of the household samples and 19% of the retail samples had no iodine. These findings could be attributable to the methods of salt handling and storage in the area. Among children, 90% had moderate to severe iodine deficiency, 10% were mildly iodine deficient, and none had normal iodine levels according to urinary iodine excretion. The findings suggest a high level of iodine deficiency and the urgent need for information, education, and communication in the study area.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-09-01
- Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation in association with the United Nations University. The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
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