The prevalence of low birthweight (LBW) and its possible risk factors in Ahvaz, Iran, were determined in 10 health centres and 3 main hospitals in the city from 876 randomly selected mother-infant files. The variables included maternal pre-pregnancy and pre-labour weight, infant weight,
maternal haemoglobin level, pregnancy history, and socio-economic status. The rate of LBW was 7.3%. LBW was significantly related to prepregnancy maternal weight, weight gain during pregnancy, maternal haemoglobin level, and mother's literacy (p < .05). Mothers given iron supplements
starting at four months of pregnancy had elevated haemoglobin levels (p < .0001). Evidence is provided that educating young mothers can reduce the rate of LBW.
Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation. The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
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