Open Access South African experience with the use of red palm oil to improve the vitamin A status of primary schoolchildren

(PDF 161.7 kb)
Download Article:


A randomized, controlled, three-month trial compared the effect of biscuits containing red palm oil as a source of β-carotene and biscuits containing synthetic β-carotene on the vitamin A status of primary schoolchildren. Children consuming either type of fortified biscuit had a significant improvement in serum retinol concentrations compared with control children who received an unfortified biscuit. Using a red palm oil shortening in the biscuit has several other advantages. Unlike the commercial fat normally used in the baking industry, red palm oil contains no trans fatty acids. Because of its high carotenoid and vitamin E contents, the need to add synthetic β-carotene and antioxidant to the baking mix is eliminated. Quality control is simplified. Production costs for the red palm oil biscuit are slightly lower than those for the synthetic β-carotene biscuit. Red palm oil is thus ideally suited for use as a source of β-carotene in food fortification in the baking industry.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Rights and Permissions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more