Effects of health and nutrition on cognitive and behavioural development in children in the first three years of life. Part 1: Low birthweight, breastfeeding, and protein-energy malnutrition
Authors: Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.; Fernald, Lia C.; Sethuraman, Kavita
Source: Food & Nutrition Bulletin, Volume 20, Number 1, March 1999 , pp. 53-75(23)
Abstract:The following paper and its accompanying paper (Grantham-McGregor SM, et al. Effects of health and nutrition on cognitive and behavioural development in children in the first three years of life. Part 2: Infections and micronutrient deficiencies: iodine, iron, and zinc. Food Nutr Bull 1999;20:76–99) review the literature on the conditions that are prevalent and considered to be likely to affect child development and are therefore of public health importance. The reviews are selective, and we have generally focused on recent work, particularly in areas that remain controversial. The reviews are restricted to nutritional and health insults that are important in the first three years of life. Where possible, we have discussed the better studies. This paper considers the effects of low birthweight (focusing on small-for-gestational-age babies) and early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on mental, motor, and behavioural development. We have also included a section on breastfeeding because of its importance to child health and nutrition programmes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 1999
- Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation. The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.
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