Open Access Update on rice fortification in the Philippines

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Rice, the staple in all regions in the Philippines, is an excellent vehicle for fortification. The Food and Nutrition Research Institute developed the technology for the fortification of rice with iron, using ferrous sulphate as the fortificant. A prototype machine was manufactured for the production of iron-fortified premix with a capacity of 200 kg per batch. A study on iron bioavailability showed a significant increase in the amount of iron absorbed with iron-fortified rice. A clinical trial conducted with 173 schoolchildren for six months showed a greater increase in haemoglobin in subjects who received iron-fortified rice than in those who did not. The problems and constraints that arise with rice fortification include the added cost of fortification (estimated at 2.5% of the cost of rice), which would probably be passed on to the consumer, and the presence of numerous rice mills throughout the country, which may pose difficulties in enforcement. Nevertheless, when carried out in large rice mills, fortification of rice with iron could reach a significant portion of the population.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • Established in 1978, the Food and Nutrition Bulletin (FNB) is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation.

    The focus of the journal is to highlight original scientific articles on nutrition research, policy analyses, and state-of-the-art summaries relating to multidisciplinary efforts to alleviate the problems of hunger and malnutrition in the developing world.

    Food and Nutrition Bulletin's 2012 Impact Factor: 2.106

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