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Elevated levels of δ15N in riverine Painted Turtles (Chrysemys picta): trophic enrichment or anthropogenic input?

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Abstract:

The natural abundance of stable isotopes of elements in animal tissue is influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors. Biotically, animals feeding at higher trophic levels are enriched in the ratio of 15N:14N (δ15N) relative to their food resources owing to the preferential excretion of 14N. Abiotically, increases in δ15N may also reflect different sources of biologically available nitrogen, including nitrogen resulting from denitrification of inorganic fertilizer. We studied variation in δ15N among freshwater turtle populations to assess spatial variation in δ15N and to determine whether this variation can be attributed to differences in nitrogen source or trophic enrichment. We examined nitrogen and carbon stable isotope ratios in duckweed (genus Lemna L.) and in Painted Turtles (Chrysemys picta (Schneider, 1783)) in aquatic ecosystems expected to be differentially affected by agricultural activity and denitrification of inorganic fertilizer. Across sites, C. picta δ15N was strongly correlated with Lemna δ15N and was elevated in sites influenced by agricultural activity. Furthermore, trophic position of turtles was not associated with δ15N but was consistent with expected values for primary consumers in freshwater systems, indicating that differences in tissue δ15N could be attributed to differences in initial sources of nitrogen in each ecosystem. Our results suggest that care must be taken when attributing differences in isotopic values of animal populations to trophic factors.

Keywords: Chrysemys picta; Painted Turtle; enrichissement en azote; isotope stable; nitrogen enrichment; position trophique; stable isotope; tortue peinte; trophic position

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2013-0121

Affiliations: 1: Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, 1200 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA. 2: College of Menominee Nation, Keshena, WI 54135, USA. 3: Department of Biology, St. Olaf College, 1520 St. Olaf Avenue, Northfield, MN 55057, USA.

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Published since 1929, this monthly journal reports on primary research contributed by respected international scientists in the broad field of zoology, including behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution. It also invites experts to submit review articles on topics of current interest.
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