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Effects of invasive American signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) on the reproductive behaviour of threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) sympatric species pairs

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Abstract:

Environmental change, including that caused directly or indirectly by invasive species, presents a major threat to the persistence of native freshwater biodiversity. The invasive American signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852)) has recently been implicated in the collapse of a pair of threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L., 1758) species in Enos Lake, British Columbia, through introgressive hybridization; yet there are few data describing potential interactions between crayfish and these recently evolved stickleback species. We conducted a behavioural study, using an intact sympatric G. aculeatus species pair from a nearby lake, to examine if and how interactions with P. leniusculus may influence the breeding behaviour of sticklebacks. We found that the reproductive behaviour of limnetic males was disrupted to a greater degree than that of benthic males, suggesting that crayfish may disproportionately impact limnetic male reproductive success and may have contributed to biased hybridization between the Enos Lake species pair. Our study illustrates how newly differentiated taxa may be especially susceptible to environmental perturbations, particularly those caused by invasive species.

Keywords: American signal crayfish; Gasterosteus aculeatus; Pacifastacus leniusculus; conservation; espèce envahissante; espèces en péril; hybridization; invasive species; reproduction; reverse speciation; species at risk; spéciation inversée; threespine stickleback; écrevisse de Californie; épinoche à trois épines

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z2012-102

Affiliations: 1: British Columbia Ministry of the Environment, The University of British Columbia, 2202 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada. 2: Department of Zoology, Biodiversity Research Centre and Beaty Biodiversity Museum, The University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Publication date: November 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • Published since 1929, this monthly journal reports on primary research contributed by respected international scientists in the broad field of zoology, including behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution. It also invites experts to submit review articles on topics of current interest.
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