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No effect of sperm interactions or egg homogenate on sperm velocity in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae)

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Abstract:

We investigated the possible effects of sperm interactions and homogenized eggs on sperm velocity in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L., 1758) using computer-assisted sperm analysis. To test whether sperm competition results in an increase in sperm velocity, using seven pairs of males, we compared the mean curvilinear and average path velocities of sperm from two males measured separately with the corresponding values from a mixture of sperm from the same two males. To test whether the presence of eggs results in an increase in sperm velocity, we compared curvilinear and average path velocities from 11 individual males with the corresponding measures from the same 11 sperm samples mixed with aliquots of homogenized eggs. Neither experimental treatment resulted in an increase in sperm velocity. We interpret these results as consistent with the hypothesis that mussel sperm have been selected to immediately begin swimming at an optimal initial velocity that is adaptive for the particular environment in which they are located. Critical factors affecting the evolution of sperm velocity for broadcast spawning, external fertilizers such as M. edulis likely include population density and intraspecific spawning synchronicity. As has been suggested by others, the importance of sperm limitation (i.e., having much less than 100% of eggs being fertilized in the wild) may be as important an evolutionary driving force in broadcast spawning invertebrates as sperm competition is in internally or directly fertilized species.

Keywords: Mytilus edulis; blue mussel; chemoattractants; chimio-attractants; concurrence entre spermatozoïdes; moule bleue; restriction des spermatozoïdes; sperm competition; sperm limitation; sperm velocity; vitesse des spermatozoïdes

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z2012-099

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Acadia University, Wolfville, NS B4P 2R6, Canada. 2: Robert-Cedergren Center for Bioinformatics and Genomics, Department of Biochemistry, Pavillon Roger Gaudry (P. principal) H-307-13, Université de Montréal, 2900 Edouard-Montpetit, Montréal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada. 3: Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA. 4: Département de biologie, Université du Québec à Rimouski, 300, allée des Ursulines, Rimouski, QC G5L 3A1, Canada.

Publication date: November 1, 2012

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  • Published since 1929, this monthly journal reports on primary research contributed by respected international scientists in the broad field of zoology, including behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution. It also invites experts to submit review articles on topics of current interest.
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