Local- versus landscape-scale effects on the demography of three forest-breeding songbirds in Ontario, Canada
Abstract:Reproductive success of songbirds breeding in forest fragments can be influenced by local habitat characteristics and by anthropogenic land uses in the surrounding matrix such as exurban development and agriculture. Effectively managing these songbirds requires an understanding of which spatial scales most strongly influence their demography. We conducted a multiscale study to investigate the relative influence of local vegetation characteristics and landscape composition at two spatial scales (100 and 2000 m) in a predominantly agricultural landscape on songbird demography. Density, pairing success, nest success, and productivity were assessed for Ovenbirds (
Keywords: American Robins (Turdus migratorius); Ovenbirds (Seiurus aurocapilla); Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina); composition du paysage; corrélation entre échelles; cross-scale correlation; demography; démographie; grive des bois (Hylocichla mustelina); habitat local; landscape composition; local habitat; merle d’Amérique (Turdus migratorius); multi-échelles; multiscale; paruline couronnée (Seiurus aurocapilla)
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Watershed Ecosystems Graduate Program, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9H 2J9, Canada. 2: Environmental and Life Sciences Graduate Program, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9H 2J9, Canada. 3: Southern Science and Information Unit, Ministry of Natural Resources, 659 Exeter Road, London, ON N6E 1L3, Canada.
Publication date: 2012-07-19
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