Diuresis, the removal of excess metabolic waste through production of primary urine while maintaining homeostasis, is an important biological process that is tightly regulated by endocrine factors. Several hormonal components that act as diuretic or antidiuretic factors in insects have
been identified in the last few decades. Physiological mechanisms responsible for ion and water transport across biological membranes have been intensively studied. The large amount of data rapidly accumulating in the genomics era has led to an increased dependence on reverse genetic and physiological
approaches, first identifying candidate genes and subsequently deriving functions. In many cases, the reverse approaches have been highly successful, especially in studies of the receptors for diuretic factors, which are mainly G-protein-coupled receptors. This review summarizes research on
insect diuretic and antidiuretic endocrine factors, and their receptors. Emphases of the review are given to the genomics of ligands and their receptors, as well as to their implications for evolution and function.
Published since 1929, this monthly journal reports on primary research contributed by respected international scientists in the broad field of zoology, including behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution. It also invites experts to submit review articles on topics of current interest.