Function of eponymous structures in echinoderms: a review

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Abstract:

Eponymous structures in echinoderms include Aristotle's lantern, Cuvierian tubules, Gregory's diverticulum, Hoffmann's organ, Lange's and Ludwig's nerves, Polian vesicles, Prouho's membrane, Reichensperger's organ, Simroth's organs, Stewart's organs, and Tiedemann's bodies and pouches. They are of particular interest because they are unique to echinoderms. Descriptive anatomical studies have provided the basis for most interpretations of their function, but many questions remain. Experimental physiological studies are necessary for a complete understanding of their roles. Systematically comparative studies are essential to establish their phylogeny.

Parmi les structures éponymes des échinodermes, il faut nommer la lanterne d'Aristote, les tubes de Cuvier, le diverticule de Gregory, l'organe de Hoffmann, les nerfs de Lange et de Ludwig, les vésicules de Poli, la membrane de Prouho, l'organe de Reichensperger, les organes de Simroth, les organes de Stewart et les corps et sacs de Tiedemann. Ces structures ont l'intérêt d'être particulières aux échinodermes. Des études anatomiques descriptives ont fourni la base de la plupart des interprétations des rôles de ces structures, mais plusieurs questions restent sans réponse. Pour atteindre une compréhension satisfaisante, des études expérimentales et physiologiques s'imposent. De plus, des études systématiques comparatives sont nécessaires à la mise en place de leur phylogénie.[Traduit par la Rédaction]

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2001

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  • Published since 1929, this monthly journal reports on primary research contributed by respected international scientists in the broad field of zoology, including behaviour, biochemistry and physiology, developmental biology, ecology, genetics, morphology and ultrastructure, parasitology and pathology, and systematics and evolution. It also invites experts to submit review articles on topics of current interest.
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