Antibody labeling of the blue-sensitive cones in the retinae of teleost fishes
Abstract:Characterization of visual opsins can be achieved with the use of specific polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies. In this study, antiserum was raised against a conjugate protein including an N-terminal sequence of the short wavelength sensitive (SWS, commonly referred to as blue-sensitive) visual pigment opsin in goldfish (Carrasius auratus). The antiserum showed immunoreactivity to retinae of phylogenetically distant teleosts, including the goldfish, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and bluehead wrasse (Thalassoma bisasciatum). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was synthesized from goldfish retinal messenger RNA. An N-terminal sequence of the SWS opsin was PCR-amplified from the cDNA and subsequently cloned into an expression vector. Expressed protein was purified by metal chelate affinity chromatography and used to immunize New Zealand white rabbits. Immune serum was collected and used in immunocytochemical assays, which revealed that the antiserum contains antibodies specific for an opsin that resides in single-cone photoreceptors of the goldfish, rainbow trout, and bluehead wrasse. The results confirm those from earlier studies of goldfish in which short-wavelength sensitivity was localized to single cones, and suggest that the association between short-wavelength sensitivity and single cones may be a feature common to many teleosts. The production of antiserum specific for SWS opsins provides a useful tool in the characterization of opsin expression within teleost retinae.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 1999
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