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Stem cell mediated cardiovascular repair

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Recent increase in the interest in stem and progenitor cells may be attributed to their behavioural characteristics. A consensus has been reached that embryonic or adult stem cells have therapeutic potential. As cardiovascular health issues are still the major culprits in many developed countries, stem and progenitor cell driven approaches may give the clinicians a new arsenal to tackle many significant health issues. However, stem and progenitor cell mediated cardiovascular regeneration can be achieved via complex and dynamic molecular mechanisms involving a variety of cells, growth factors, cytokines, and genes. Functional contributions of transplanted cells on target organs and their survival are still critical problems waiting to be resolved. Moreover, the regeneration of contracting myocardial tissue has controversial results in human trials. Thus, moderately favourable clinical results should be interpreted carefully. Determining the behavioural programs, genetic and transcriptional control of stem cells, mechanisms that determine cell fate, and functional characteristics are the primary targets. In addition, ensuring the long-term follow-up of cells with efficient imaging techniques in human clinical studies may provide a resurgence of the initial enthusiasm, which has faded over time. Here, we provide a brief historical perspective on stem cell driven cardiac regeneration and discuss cardiac and vascular repair in the context of translational science.

Keywords: angiogenesis; angiogenèse; cardiac regeneration; cardiac stem cell; cellules progénitrices; cellules souches cardiaques; cytotherapy; cytothérapie; progenitor cell; régénération cardiaque

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/y2012-010

Affiliations: 1: Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, Ankara University School of Medicine, Turkey. 2: Stem Cell Institute, Ankara University, Cevizlidere, Ankara, Turkey. 3: Biotechnology Institute, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. 4: School of Health Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Publication date: March 16, 2012

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