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Aminoglycoside resistance mechanisms in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from non-cystic fibrosis patients in Thailand

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Abstract:

This study aimed to examine aminoglycosides (AMGs) resistance mechanisms, including the AMG-modifying enzyme genes, mexXY, rplY, nuoG, and galU, in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa non-cystic fibrosis (CF) isolates in Thailand. One hundred P. aeruginosa isolates from non-CF patients were examined for susceptibility to AMGs and for the presence of 10 AMG-modifying enzyme genes. Thirty randomly selected isolates were tested for transcription of mexXY and nuoG and mutations in rplY and galU. All the P. aeruginosa isolates exhibited simultaneous resistance to at least 4 AMGs. High resistance rates to amikacin (92%), gentamicin (95%), streptomycin (99%), and tobramycin (96%) were observed, and all isolates were resistant to kanamycin, neomycin, and spectinomycin. Nine AMG-modifying enzyme genes were detected, including aadA1 (84%), aadB (84%), aadA2 (67%), ant(2)-Ia (72%), strA-strB (70%), aph(3)-IIb (57%), aac(3)-Ia (40%), and aac(6)-IIa (27%). None of the isolates harbored aac(6)-IIb. Of 30 isolates tested, all but 1 isolate expressed MexXY. Two isolates did not express nuoG. Six isolates carried an amino acid change in RplY, but none of the isolates harbored mutation in galU. The results indicated that the AMG-modifying enzyme genes were widespread among the P. aeruginosa non-CF isolates. The MexXY efflux pump and inactivation for rplY played a role in AMG resistance but disruption of nuoG or galU did not.

Keywords: MexXY; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; aminoglycoside resistance; aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes; enzymes de modification d’aminoglycosides; gène rplY; rplY gene; résistance aux aminoglycosides

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjm-2012-0465

Affiliations: 1: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. 2: Department of Veterinary Public Health; Center for Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring in Foodborne Pathogens (in cooperation with WHO); Global Foodborne Infections Network: South-East Asia and Western Pacific Region, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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