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Effect of vegetation on the presence and genetic diversity of Bacillus thuringiensis in soil

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Abstract:

Bacillus thuringiensis isolates were obtained from soil samples collected at different sites located in the same region but with different vegetation. The sites showed different frequencies of B. thuringiensis, depending on the type of vegetation. Strains of B. thuringiensis were found to be less common in samples of riparian forest soil than in soil of other types of vegetation. The rate of occurrence of B. thuringiensis in the samples also varied according to the vegetation. These results show that whenever this bacterium was found, it showed a high rate of occurrence, indicating that this species could be better adapted to using soil as a reservoir than other Bacillus species. The presence of cry genes was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction, and genes that exhibited activity against Diptera species were the most commonly found. The isolates obtained were characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA, and 50% were clustered into clonal groups. These results demonstrated the possible occurrence of a high number of genetically similar strains when samples are collected from the same region, even if they are from locations with different vegetation.

Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; RAPD; cry genes; distribution; gènes cry; vegetation; végétation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/cjm-2012-0462

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, CP6001, 86051-990, Londrina/PR, Brazil 2: Departamento de Análises Bromatológicas, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170-290, Salvador/BA, Brazil

Publication date: 2013-01-01

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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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