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VopB1 and VopD1 are essential for translocation of type III secretion system 1 effectors of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

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Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a pathogenic Vibrio species that causes food-borne acute gastroenteritis, often related to the consumption of raw or undercooked seafood. Vibrio parahaemolyticus has 2 type III secretion systems (T3SS1 and T3SS2). Here, we demonstrate that VP1657 (VopB1) and VP1656 (VopD1), which share sequence similarity with Pseudomonas genes popB (38%) and popD (36%), respectively, are essential for translocation of T3SS1 effectors into host cells. A VP1680CyaA fusion reporter system was constructed to observe effector translocation. Using this reporter assay we showed that the VopB1 and VopD1 deletion strains were unable to translocate VP1680 to host cell but that the secretion of VP1680 into the culture medium was not affected. VopB1 or VopD1 deletion strains did not enhance cytotoxicity and failed to activate mitogen-activated protein kinases and secretion of interleukin-8, which depend on VP1680. Thus, we conclude that VopB1 and VopD1 are essential components of the translocon. To target VopB1 and VopD1 may have therapeutic potential for the treatment or prevention in V. parahaemolyticus infection.

Keywords: T3SS; Vibrio parahaemolyticus; VopB1; VopD1; translocon

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: August 24, 2012

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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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