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Kinetics of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate production by a novel isolate of Pseudomonas putida LS46

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Abstract:

Six bacteria that synthesize medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHAs) were isolated from sewage sludge and hog barn wash and identified as strains of Pseudomonas and Comamonas by 16S rDNA gene sequencing. One isolate, Pseudomonas putida LS46, showed good PHA production (22% of cell dry mass) in glucose medium, and it was selected for further studies. While it is closely related to other P. putida strains (F1, KT2440, BIRD-1, GB-1, S16, and W619), P. putida LS46 was genetically distinct from these other strains on the basis of nucleotide sequence analysis of the cpn60 gene hypervariable region. PHA production was detected as early as 12 h in both nitrogen-limited and nitrogen-excess conditions. The increase in PHA production after 48 h was higher in nitrogen-limited cultures than in nitrogen-excess cultures. Pseudomonas putida LS46 produced mcl-PHAs when cultured with glucose, glycerol, or C6–C14 saturated fatty acids as carbon sources, and mcl-PHAs accounted for 56% of the cell dry mass when cells were batch cultured in medium containing 20 mmol/L octanoate. Although 3-hydroxydecanoate was the major mcl-PHA monomer (58.1–68.8 mol%) in P. putida LS46 cultured in glucose medium, 3-hydroxyoctanoate was the major monomer produced in octanoate medium (88 mol%).

Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; PHA synthase; PHA-cm; Pseudomonas putida; biodegradable plastics; gène de l’ARNr 16S; mcl-PHA; medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates; plastiques biodégradables; polyhydroxyalkanoates à chaine moyenne

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/w2012-074

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biosystems Engineering, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada. 2: Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada.

Publication date: 2012-08-23

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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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