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Effect of a temperature gradient on Sphagnum fallax and its associated living microbial communities: a study under controlled conditions

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Abstract:

Microbial communities living in Sphagnum are known to constitute early indicators of ecosystem disturbances, but little is known about their response (including their trophic relationships) to climate change. A microcosm experiment was designed to test the effects of a temperature gradient (15, 20, and 25 °C) on microbial communities including different trophic groups (primary producers, decomposers, and unicellular predators) in Sphagnum segments (0-3 cm and 3-6 cm of the capitulum). Relationships between microbial communities and abiotic factors (pH, conductivity, temperature, and polyphenols) were also studied. The density and the biomass of testate amoebae in Sphagnum upper segments increased and their community structure changed in heated treatments. The biomass of testate amoebae was linked to the biomass of bacteria and to the total biomass of other groups added and, thus, suggests that indirect effects on the food web structure occurred. Redundancy analysis revealed that microbial assemblages differed strongly in Sphagnum upper segments along a temperature gradient in relation to abiotic factors. The sensitivity of these assemblages made them interesting indicators of climate change. Phenolic compounds represented an important explicative factor in microbial assemblages and outlined the potential direct and (or) indirect effects of phenolics on microbial communities.

Les microorganismes des sphaignes sont connus comme indicateurs précoces des perturbations environnementales. Or, peu d’études portent sur l’influence de la température sur ces communautés. Dans cette étude, l’effet d’un gradient de températures (15, 20 et 25  °C) sur les microorganismes des sphaignes, incluant différent groupes trophiques (producteurs primaires, décomposeurs, micro-prédateurs), a été testé dans les différentes parties des sphaignes (0 à 3 cm et 3 à 6 cm du capitulum). Les relations entre les microorganismes et les facteurs abiotiques (pH, conductivité, température, polyphénols) ont également été analysées. La densité et la biomasse des amibes à thèque ont augmenté dans les parties supérieures des sphaignes. Une modification de la structure de leur communauté a aussi été mise en évidence. La biomasse des amibes à thèque est apparue liée à celle des bactéries et à la biomasse additionnée des autres groupes, suggérant des effets indirects de la température sur les relations trophiques. Les analyses par redondance ont révélé que la structure des communautés microbiennes variait entre les différents traitements dans les parties supérieures des sphaignes. Ainsi, les communautés microbiennes des sphaignes apparaissent comme un outil intéressant quant au suivi in situ des changements climatiques. Les polyphénols ont également été identifiés comme un facteur explicatif important de la structure des communautés microbiennes, montrant ainsi leurs effets potentiels sur les microorganismes des sphaignes.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-03-01

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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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