Serine proteases and metalloproteases associated with pathogenesis but not host specificity in the Entomophthoralean fungus Zoophthora radicans
Abstract:The protease activity of a Zoophthora radicans strain that was highly infective toward Pieris brassicae (cabbage butterfly) larvae was compared with that of isogenic strains that were adapted to Plutella xylostella (diamondback moth) larvae through serial passage. All strains produced three distinct serine proteases ranging in size from 25 to 37 kDa; however, the original strain from P. brassicae also produced large amounts of an approximately 46 kDa metalloprotease. Subsequently, a cDNA encoding a 43 kDa (mature enzyme) zinc-dependent metalloprotease, ZrMEP1, was isolated from the original fungal strain and most likely corresponds to the 46 kDa protease observed with in-gel assays. ZrMEP1 possessed characteristics of both the fungalysin and thermolysin metalloprotease families found in some pulmonary and dermal pathogens. This is the first report of this type of metalloprotease from an entomo pathogenic fungus. A cDNA encoding a trypsin-like serine protease, ZrSP1, was also identified and was most similar to a serine protease from the plant pathogen Verticillium dahliae. In artificial media, ZrMEP1 and ZrSP1 were found to be differentially responsive to gelatin and catabolite repression in the fungal strains adapted to P. brassicae and P. xylostella, but their expression patterns within infected larvae were the same. It appears that while these proteases likely play a role in the infection process, they may not be major host specificity determinants.Key words: Zoophthora radicans, metalloprotease, serine protease, pathogenesis, entomopathogen, host specificity.
L'activité protéase d'une souche de Zoophthora radicans qui était fortement infectieuse chez la larve de Pieris brassicae (papillon du chou) a été comparée à celles de souches isogènes qui ont été adaptées aux larves de Plutella xylostella (fausse-teigne des crucifères) par des passages en série. Toutes les souches ont produit trois protéases à sérine distinctes de tailles variant entre 25 à 37 kDa; toutefois, la souche d'origine provenant de P. brassicae produisait également de grandes quantités d'une métalloprotéase d'environ
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2006
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