The occurrence of cyanobacteria in pulp and paper waste-treatment systems

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Abstract:

Pulp and paper secondary waste-treatment systems in Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, and the U.S.A. contained dynamic cyanobacterial communities, some of which exceeded heterotrophic bacterial biomass. No other viable photoautotrophic populations were detected in the ponds. Regardless of geographical location, Oscillatoriales including Phormidium, Geitlerinema, and Pseudanabaena were the dominant taxa. As well, Chroococcus (Chroococcales) was an important genus in Brazil and New Zealand. The possible impact of cyanobacteria on waste-treatment efficiency deserves further study given their large biomass and diverse metabolic characteristics.Key words: cyanobacteria, blue-green algae, heterotrophic bacteria, community structure, pulp and paper secondary waste treatment.

On a observé au Brésil, au Canada, en Nouvelle-Zélande et aux États-Unis que les systèmes de traitement secondaire des rejets d'usines de pâtes et papiers contenaient des populations dynamiques de cyanobactéries dont certaines dépassent même les valeurs de la biomasse bactérienne hétérotrophe. Aucune autre population de photoautotrophes n'a été détectée dans les bassins. Indépendamment de la localisation géographique, les taxons dominants appartenaient aux Oscillatoriales incluant Phormidium, Geitlerinema et Pseudanabaena. Au Brésil et en Nouvelle-Zélande Chroococcus (Chroococcales) était aussi un genre important. L'impact potentiel des cyanobactéries sur l'efficacité du traitement des rejets mérite d'être étudié plus à fond, compte tenu de la biomasse élevée et des caractéristiques métaboliques variées de ces bactéries.Mots clés : cyanobactéries, algues bleues-vertes, bactéries hétérotrophes, organisation de la population, traitement secondaire des rejets d'usines de pâtes et papiers.[Traduit par la Rédaction]
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  • Published since 1954, this monthly journal contains new research in the field of microbiology including applied microbiology and biotechnology; microbial structure and function; fungi and other eucaryotic protists; infection and immunity; microbial ecology; physiology, metabolism and enzymology; and virology, genetics, and molecular biology. It also publishes review articles and notes on an occasional basis, contributed by recognized scientists worldwide.
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