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Modelling of tangential, radial, and longitudinal shrinkage after drying in jack pine and white spruce

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The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the pattern of variation in longitudinal, radial, and tangential shrinkage in two commercially important Canadian wood species using multivariate nonlinear mixed-effects models. Shrinkage data were measured in each growth ring at different heights on trees harvested from a mixed-species Nelder tree-spacing plot located in New Brunswick, Canada. Live crown base was reconstructed based on stem analysis. Cambial age, sampling height, crown characteristics (crown length, crown ratio, and distance to live crown base), and ring width at time of wood formation were used as prediction variables. The results indicated that shrinkage magnitude and pattern were closely related to crown dimensions and stem position at time of wood formation. Trees from wider tree spacings with larger crown lengths and ratios tended to have smaller tangential and radial shrinkage. Longitudinal shrinkage decreased nonlinearly from pith outwards with slower rate changes near the bottom of the trees. The model fixed effects accounted for more variation in jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) than in white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) for shrinkage in the same anatomical direction. After further validation, the model developed can be used to provide shrinkage predictions for lumber distortion models within the framework of an individual tree growth model.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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