Optimizing stand management involving the effect of genetic gain: preliminary results for Scots pine in Finland

Authors: Ahtikoski, Anssi1; Salminen, Hannu2; Ojansuu, Risto3; Hynynen, Jari3; Kärkkäinen, Katri1; Haapanen, Matti3

Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Volume 43, Number 3, 01 2013 , pp. 299-305(7)

Publisher: NRC Research Press

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Abstract:

A solid starting point for assessing tree-improvement programs would be to determine the effect of genetic gain in economic terms at stand level. This paper presents a stand-level optimization analysis of the use of improved seed material in reforestation from the perspective of forest owners. We used a genetic algorithm to study the effects of optimized stand management on the bare land value (BLV) for both genetically improved and unimproved reforestation material, with increase in BLV (ΔBLV > 0) representing the deployment benefit over the standard tree-improvement program. The stand-level optimization analysis was applied to a case representative of economic and climatic circumstances in Finland. The results show that the absolute increase in the BLV is distinctly higher in southern Finland than in central Finland, let alone northern Finland, regardless of the interest rate (3% or 4%) or genetic gain (3% or 15%). Sensitivity analyses revealed that market-related risks need to be taken into account carefully. Our tentative results provide new insight on the financial incentives for using genetically improved seed material in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stand establishment under varying climatic conditions, but the subject merits further investigation — with greater detail and a more systematic data structure.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2012-0393

Affiliations: 1: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Northern Finland Regional Unit/Oulu, Rakentajantie 3, P.O. Box 413, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland. 2: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Northern Finland Regional Unit/Rovaniemi, Eteläranta 55, P.O. Box 16 FI-96301, Finland. 3: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Southern Finland Regional Unit, Jokiniemenkuja 1, P.O. Box 18, FI-1301 Vantaa, Finland.

Publication date: January 1, 2013

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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