Secondary insects and diseases contribute to sudden aspen decline in southwestern Colorado, USA
Abstract:Reports of drought-associated forest mortality have increased around the world, but the mechanisms of mortality are rarely direct in nature. Biotic agents may kill trees that could otherwise recover and can perpetuate and expand mortality after the stress is relieved. Sudden aspen decline (SAD) has caused rapid, widespread branch dieback and mortality of quaking aspen (
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2011
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