Assessment of armillaria root disease infection in stands in south-central British Columbia with varying levels of overstory retention, with and without pushover logging
Abstract:This trial, conducted near Nakusp, British Columbia, compares pushover logging (combination tree felling and root removal technique using large machines to push trees out of the ground) with handfalling logging (no root removal) for effects on the incidence of armillaria root disease in postharvest regeneration. Pushover logging did not reduce levels of root disease, expressed as percentage tree mortality, over handfalling harvesting on this site. High variability of measured disease levels within some treatments and few replicates lowered the power of the trial. However, in addition to being statistically insignificant, the mean differences between the two main treatments were small and biologically uninteresting, and the response was inconsistent in direction. The trial also included three mature timber retention levels as treatments, and there seemed to be a trend of declining root disease with increased retention of stems. This phenomenon should be further investigated as current literature is not clear on the response of armillaria to partial harvesting. There was a strong suggestion of a difference between susceptibility of natural and planted seedlings to armillaria root disease, with natural regeneration being less susceptible. Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don was less affected by armillaria root disease than other species in this trial, whether it was planted or naturally regenerated.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resources Operations, 200 – 640 Borland Street, Williams Lake, BC V2G 4T1, Canada. 2: Schellenberg Forestry Services Ltd., Box 631, 150 Mile House, BC V0K 2G0, Canada.
Publication date: August 28, 2011
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