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Tree recruitment, growth, and distribution at the circumpolar forest–tundra transition: introduction

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Causes and consequences of changes in the circumpolar forest–tundra transition have received recent interest due to the increasing awareness of human-caused global climate change. The International Polar Year core project PPS Arctic focused these topics through exploring processes, changes, and spatiotemporal variability of biotic and abiotic drivers of change in the forest–tundra transition. The papers in this special feature present constraints and drivers of tree recruitment and tree encroachment of tundra areas, climate–tree growth relations in the ecotone, and changes in tree spatial pattern across the forest–tundra ecotone.

Les causes et les conséquences des changements qui se produisent dans la zone circumpolaire de transition entre la forêt et la toundra ont récemment soulevé l’intérêt dû à une prise de conscience grandissante du changement climatique mondial causé par l’activité humaine. Le projet principal « PPS Arctic » de l’Année polaire internationale a mis l’accent sur ces questions en explorant les processus, l’évolution et la variabilité spatiotemporelle des causes biotiques et abiotiques des changements dans la zone de transition entre la forêt et la toundra. Les articles contenus dans cette section spéciale présentent les contraintes et les facteurs responsables du recrutement et de l’empiètement des arbres dans les zones de toundra, les relations entre la croissance des arbres et le climat dans l’écotone, et les changements dans la distribution spatiale des arbres dans l’écotone forêt–toundra.

Document Type: Introduction

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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